Sports Therapy & Rehabilitation

Sports therapy helps to prevent injury, relief stress and improve mobility
Sports therapy helps to prevent injury, relief stress and improve mobility
Treatments are taking place at WPR Beauty Spa Cosmetic
Treatments are taking place at WPR Beauty Spa Cosmetic

Neil Says…

“I’ve been active all my life, playing rugby since the age of 6, and eventually moving on to Martial arts and then MMA. When it comes to injuries, I’ve had most of them! I have found that to prevent them from reoccurring, REHAB is vital!

Sports Therapy

Sports Therapy is not just for athletes, anybody who puts excess stress on their muscles on a day to day basis will benefit with this treatment, for example, someone who sits at a computer all day and ends up slumping over the keyboard will in time potentially end up with very tight and painful neck, shoulder and back muscles. Sports Massage will help to relieve this problem and also help to prevent it in the future.


 

General information

Your first visit will involve a consultation where you will be asked questions about the history of your condition.

An assessment and examination will then be carried out. The session will last approximately 1 HOUR and although the majority of the first session will involve exploratory assessments you WILL receive treatment.

Follow up treatments will vary depending on what is needed at consultation

If it is decided that your injury requires further specialized investigation, then you will be referred accordingly.

Unfortunately patients who have private health care insurance will currently not be able to claim back the costs of treatment.

If you need to correct muscle imbalances, postural distortions, or body weaknesses, we’ll address those points in your program along with including a mix of metabolic, energy system and resistance training.

Methods of treatment

Many different modalities and methods of treatment are used during treatment to enhance the healing process of your injury and return you to full fitness in the quickest time possible, such as: 

Corrective Exercise means to eradicate muscular imbalances and improve postural alignment and stability. Many injuries, which have not been received through some form of impact, are usually a result of postural misalignment and dysfunction. Improving postural alignment means you will increase strength, flexibility, balance, lung function and reduce the risk of injury. 

Functional conditioning

Functional conditioning means conditioning you to be able to carry out and enhance your particular sport/activity safely and effectively. How can you be expected to enhance the power output of your golf swing by doing endless bench presses and shoulder presses? You need to work on functional core strength and incorporate the movements of your activity into your exercise programme for it to become functionally beneficial. 

Core strengthening and back care

Many people suffer from a weak back, which produces lower back pain and discomfort. This can commonly be eased or eradicated by simply strengthening the deep core musculature that support the spine. This is achieved by static and dynamic core stabilization exercises. This will not only cure lower back pain but also make you stronger, helping to prevent future problems and movement pattern testing.

Conditions Treated

Muscle and Tendon Strain

What

A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon. Tendons connect muscles to bones. Muscle and tendon strains vary in severity ranging from a simple overstretching of the muscle or tendon to a partial or complete tear.

How

A strain is caused by over stressing a muscle or tendon such as improperly lifting heavy objects. Strains can also be caused by trauma or an injury such as a blow to the body.

Signs and Symptoms

People with a strain typically experience pain, muscle spasm and muscular weakness. There can also be localized swelling, cramping, or inflammation and, potentially, some loss of muscle function. Patients typically have pain at the site of the strain and general weakness of the muscle affected when they attempt to move it. Severe strains are often very painful and disabling.

Ligament Sprains

What

A sprain is an injury to a ligament, the tissue that connects bone to bone. Injuries to Ligaments vary in severity ranging from a simple overstretching of the ligament to a partial or complete tear.

How

A sprain typically occurs when joints such as the ankle, knee and wrist are over stretched or twisted.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a ligament sprain include pain, swelling, bruising, and the loss of ability to move and use the affected joint. Sometimes a pop or tear can be felt when the injury happens. However, these signs and symptoms vary in intensity, depending on the severity of the sprain.

Ankle Impingements

What

Soft tissues such as ligaments and tendons can become trapped between bones in the ankle. This is known as impingement and can cause pain when the ankle is bent fully up or down. Posterior impingement (as it is known) is at the back of the ankle is more common in ballet dancers.

How

Anterior impingements (at the front of the ankle) can be caused from a severe or repeated ankle sprain as the ligaments and joint capsule thicken and get pinched between the bones (tibia and talus bone). Posterior impingement can be due to a bony protrusion or growth at the back of the ankle.

Signs and Symptoms

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ANTERIOR ANKLE IMPINGEMENTS:
SingPain at the front or side of the ankle which does not go after an ankle sprain heals.
Weakness in the ankle
Pain when the ankle is forced or passively moved into dorsi flexion (toes and foot pointing upwards)

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF POSTERIOR ANKLE IMPINGEMENTS:
Pain at the back of the ankle
Tenderness behind the bottom tip of the fibulabone
Pain which is worse at the end of the movement when the foot is pointed down into plantar flexion (foot pointing downwards)
Pain when going up onto the toes
An X-ray can show up any bony spurs on the talus (heel bone) and end of the tibia (shin bone)

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a relatively common condition which can cause pain, numbness and burning or tingling sensation into the hand and fingers. Symptoms of CTS can vary. The carpal tunnel is a small tunnel that runs from the bottom of your wrist to your lower palm. Several tendons pass through the carpal tunnel. The median nerve also passes through it. The nerve and tendons are protected by a ridge of bone and ligaments.

How

Signs and Symptoms

In cases of CTS, the space inside the tunnel shrinks, placing a compression and pressure on the median nerve. Due to this compression, symptoms include varying levels of pain and numbness to the hand and fingers.

Frozen Shoulder

What

Frozen Shoulder can be an extremely painful condition in which the shoulder is completely or partially restricted in all its movements.

How

Frozen shoulder often starts out of the blue. It can however be associated with diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease and can also be seen in patients with scar tissue in their hands, a condition called Dupuytren’s contracture. It can also follow a mild injury to the shoulder.

Signs and Symptoms

The typical symptoms are pain, stiffness, and limitation in the range of movement of a shoulder.
Frozen shoulder typically goes through THREE phases:
PHASE 1: – the ‘freezing’, painful phase.
This typically lasts 2-9 months. The first symptom is usually pain with stiffness and limited movement then also gradually building up. The pain is usually worse at night especially when you lie on the affected side.
PHASE 2: – the ‘frozen’, stiff (or adhesive) phase.
This typically lasts 4-12 months. This phase usually sees the pain gradually ease but stiffness and limited movement remains. In some cases this can even worsen. All movements of the shoulder are affected. At this stage the muscles around the shoulder may start to waste as they are not being used.
PHASE 3: – the ‘thawing’, recovery phase.
This typically lasts anywhere between five months and four years. The pain and stiffness gradually ease and movement slowly returns to normal, or near normal.
There is a vast variation in the severity and length of symptoms with this condition. Untreated, symptoms commonly last between 2 to 3 years in total. In some cases it is much less than this. In a minority of cases, symptoms can last for several years.

Golfers/Tennis Elbow

What

Golfers elbow (medial epicondylitis) affects the inside of the elbow. Golfers elbow is common in throwers and golfers hence the ‘nickname’. Also known as flexor / pronator tendinopathy this elbow pain can also be seen in tennis players who use a lot of top spin on their forehand shots.

How

Tennis elbow is an over use of the extensor muscles of the wrist which results in inflammation of the tendon and disturbance to the attachment of the tendon to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (upper arm) bone.

Signs and Symptoms

- Pain on the bony prominence on the inside of the elbow
- Weakness of the wrist
- Pain on the inside of the elbow when you grip something hard
- Pain when wrist flexion (bending the wrist palm downwards) is resisted
- Pain on resisted wrist pronation – rotating inwards (thumb downwards)

Shin Splints

What

Shin splints is a name commonly used to describe any pain localised at the front of the lower leg. However, true shin splints occur at the inside front of the shin bone arising from a number of different causes.

How

The most common cause of shin splints is an inflammation of the periostium of the tibia (sheath surrounding the bone). Traction forces on the periosteum, from the use of the muscles in the lower leg, cause shin pain and inflammation. This can be caused by a changing of training surfaces, sudden increase in intensity or frequency of training or can be caused by biomechanical faults of the lower limb.

Signs and Symptoms

- Pain on the inside lower half of the shin
- Pain at the start of exercise which can ease as the session continues
- Pain can return after activity and may be at its worst the next morning
- Swelling is sometimes present
- Lumps and bumps may be felt when feeling the inside of the shin bone
- Pain when the toes or foot are bent downwards
- A redness over the inside of the shin (not always present)

RSI

What

Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is a term used to describe pain which is caused to muscles, nerves and tendons by repetitive movement and overuse. The condition commonly affects muscles and tendons acting over the, elbow, wrist, hands, neck and shoulders. RSI is usually associated with repetitively carrying out a particular activity over a long period of time. It often occurs in people who work with computers or carry out repetitive manual work.

How

There are two types of Repetitive Strain Injury:

TYPE 1 RSI:
When the injury is able to be diagnosed as a recognised medical condition, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Symptoms usually include swelling and inflammation of the muscles or tendons.

TYPE 2 RSI:
When the injury cannot be diagnosed as any medical condition from the symptoms. This is normally because there are no obvious symptoms, other than feelings of pain. Type 2 RSI is also referred to as non-specific pain syndrome.

Signs and Symptoms

Below is a list of several medical conditions and injuries that can be classed as Type 1 RSI.

BURSITIS: An inflammation and swelling of the fluid-filled sac near a joint such as the knee, elbow or shoulder.
CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME: Pressure on the median nerve which passes through the wrist.

DUPUYTREN’S CONTRACTURE: Thickening of the deep tissue in the palm of the hand and into the fingers.

EPICONDYLITIS: An inflammation of an area where bone and tendons join. An example of epicondylitis is tennis elbow.

ROTATOR CUFF SYNDROME: Inflammation of muscles and tendons in the shoulder.

TENDONITIS: Inflammation of tendons.

TENOSYNOVITIS: Inflammation of the inner lining of the tendon sheath that houses tendons. Tenosynovitis most commonly occurs in the hand, wrist or forearms as well as tendons of the foot and ankle.

GANGLION CYST: A sac of fluid that forms around a joint or tendon, usually on the wrist or fingers.

RAYNAUD’S PHENOMENON: A condition where the blood supply to extremities, such as the fingers, is interrupted.

THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME: compression of the nerves or blood vessels that run between the base of the neck and the armpit.

WRITER’S CRAMP: Part of a family of disorders known as dystonia that cause muscle spasms in the affected part of the body.

Writer’s cramp occurs from overuse of the hands and arms.

Lower Back Pain

What

Lower back pain, also known as lumbago, affects a large proportion of the population at some time in their lives. Lower back pain presents as a pain or ache, in between the bottom of your ribs and the top of your legs.

How

Lower back pain can come on suddenly or gradually, and is often the result of a fall, over exertion or twisting of the lower back. Due to the complex structure of your lower back even small amounts of damage to any part of the lumbar region can cause a lot of pain and discomfort.

Signs and Symptoms

Pain is usually a symptom of stress or damage to ligaments, muscles, tendons or discs of the lower back. If a nerve in your back is pinched or irritated, the pain can spread to the buttocks and/or lower limb. A common condition of this is sciatica.

Sciatica

What

Sciatica is the name given to pain that is caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the human body running down from the lower back and pelvis, through the buttocks, all the way down both legs and ending at the feet.

How

Sciatica can be caused by a number of reasons, such as a herniated disc (often referred to as a slipped disc), muscle or ligament damage in the lower back, inflammation of a lumbar vertebral joint and can even be caused by an irritation to the Piriformis muscle in the buttocks (Piriformis syndrome)

Signs and Symptoms

Sciatic pain can range from mild to severe. Pain radiates out from the lower back, travels down the back of the leg as far as the calf.

Neck Pain

What

Neck pain can be due to a number of different factors such as mechanical or muscular dysfunction, a trapped nerve or from arthritis of the neck. Neck pain is a common condition and is more frequently seen in women than men. The most common cause of neck pain is usually down to muscular tension in the Trapezius muscle and surrounding musculature of the neck and shoulder.

How

- trauma or injury
- worry and stress
- falling asleep in an awkward position
- prolonged use of a computer keyboard

Signs and Symptoms

Neck pain can range from a mild discomfort to severe burning pain. If the pain is ‘acute’ – sudden and intense – it’s commonly labelled a crick in the neck, facet syndrome or muscular rheumatism. If the pain has been present for more than three months it’s termed ‘chronic’ neck pain.